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The Fitz Hugh Ludlow Memorial Library, the largest collection of psychoactive drug books and related materials in the world, was founded in 1970 by Michael Horowitz, William Dailey, and Robert Barker. It is now part of the Ludlow Santo Domingo Library in Geneva, Switzerland.



The library’s holdings includes more than ten thousand books, pamphlets and offprints, journals and magazines, archival papers, letters and manuscripts, phonograph records and audiotapes, photographs, engravings, posters, broadsides and videotapes, comic books and newspapers, and a wide variety of artifacts. A large number of items fall into the categories of rare or scarce, and an extremely large number are out-of-print.

Although acquisitions were made in all areas of word, image, and artifact pertaining to psychoactive drug discovery, research and historical usage, the curators collected materials frequently overlooked by institutional libraries. Popular, underground, ephemeral and "street" literature is very well represented in the Ludlow collection alongside academic works, government publications, and proceedings of conferences and symposia.

Much of the literature emphasizes first-hand accounts of psychoactive drug experiences as related in memoirs, diaries, biographies, fiction, essays, addresses, poetry, and juvenile works. First editions in dust jacket, further editions that show any variance in text, illustration, or cover art, foreign translations, paperback reprints, and reading copies or photocopies of otherwise unobtainable or prohibitively expensive books are all found in the collection.

Just as drugs pertain to nearly every realm of human experience, virtually every academic discipline touches upon the phenomena of drugs and their use. Works of literature, art, anthropology, psychology, sociology, law and criminology, religion, psychopharmacology, ethnobotany and agriculture were collected, as were the more ephemeral productions of popular culture. A large number of phonograph records (both music and spoken word) and graphic arts relating to drug use and abuse are housed in the collection. Drug paraphernalia from the 1890s to the 1970s is included.

In addition to acquisitions purchased directly, the library has been the repository of donations, often annotated and inscribed, from the archives of individuals and groups who have been active in psychoactive drug research. A substantial amount of correspondence from leading researchers in such fields as psychology, psychopharmacology, ethnobotany, etc. is also present.


The library was founded in 1970 when three collectors merged their private libraries. It was named for the 19th-century author of the first full-length work of drug literature written by an American (who was known as "the American De Quincey"), and the first book about cannabis or hashish experience in the English language — The Hasheesh Eater (1857).

During the 1970s the library grew rapidly and operated out of San Francisco as an international resource for psychoactive drug research, and for the study of psychoactive drug use in contemporary and historical societies. The Ludlow Library flourished during a period of perhaps the most intense media interest ever focused on the personal, social, scientific and political aspects of drug experience. The library was curated by the holder of the first Ph.D. ever granted from an American university in the history of cannabis, and included on its board of advisors a number of eminent researchers and writers, including the late Chauncey Leake, Richard Evans Schultes, Albert Hofmann, Alexander Shulgin, Andrew Weil, Oscar Janiger, Ralph Metzner, Laura Huxley, Allen Ginsberg and Lawrence Ferlinghetti.


During the decade of the 1970s hundreds of graduate students, writers and researchers in the field of drug studies conducted research at the Ludlow Library, or by correspondence. From 1977 to 1981, the library was housed in the prestigious Pacific Medical Center’s Health Science Library. In 1978, the Ludlow Library was the site of the official reception for participants of the Second International Conference on Hallucinogenic Plants – possibly the greatest assemblage of psychoactive drug scholars ever assembled in one place.

Museums frequently borrowed artifacts for display from the Ludlow holdings (nearly fifty items from the library are currently part of an exhibit on "The History of Drug Use in America" mounted at the Strong Museum, Rochester, NY and due to travel around the country under the auspices of the Smithsonian Institution). Print and video journalists came to conduct interviews and photograph materials for their publications (including Life) and video documentaries (including the widely-acclaimed "Making Sense of the ‘60s").

Acknowledgements to the Ludlow Library have appeared in scores of books about drugs and drug history published from the mid-1970s to the present time. The library itself was directly involved in the publication of a series called ‘Fitz Hugh Ludlow Memorial Library Editions,’ which included both original works and reprints of classic texts (see list at end).

UNIQUE IMPORT 69,234,58,116,130,82 etime restricted or banned). Illegal drugs have been perennially subjected to fierce taboos, associated with antisocial and criminal behavior patterns, and generally held in contempt by the media and consequently a majority of citizens. Apart from a mere handful of books, virtually no intellectual or artistic value had been previously granted to the vast and often compelling literature resulting from drug experiences.

Yet it is a fact that hundreds of millions of people experiment with, or otherwise indulge in, the altered states of consciousness produced by these illegal drugs, and in some instances have done so for millennia. Illegal drugs (along with food, arms, and oil) constitute one of the four principal materiels of world trade. In the U.S., for example, the illegal drug marijuana (the oldest cultivated plant) is the largest cash crop (over $20 billion annually), and was a staple of the national pharmacopeia for more than a century. Virtually every aspect of marijuana is documented in the library, along with a large number of literary works and studies of marijuana subcultures. The issues of the medical use of marijuana and the revival of a hemp industry are being strongly debated today

The same holds true for other presently illegal drugs. Ethnobotanists have demonstrated the pivotal role of sacred plants in ceremonial usage in many world religions. The significant use of laudanum (tincture of opium) and cocaine by an astonishing number of major writers and celebrities is extremely well-documented, as is the nature of drug abuse; addiction and attempts at curing it; the problems and effects of legislation; the controversy over the medical and criminal models; the efforts of prohibition and legalization; and the enormous influence of drugs on the lifestyles and arts in popular cultures and subcultures.


The Ludlow Library holdings concentrate on those presently illicit substances that have consciousness and sense-altering effects: opium and its derivatives (laudanum, morphine, heroin, etc.); coca, cocaine, amphetamine and other natural and synthetic stimulants; cannabis and hashish; hallucinogenic plants (peyote, psilocybian mushrooms, ergot, ayahuasca, datura, iboga, morning glory seeds, etc.) and the psychedelic products of their syntheses (mescaline, psilocybin, LSD, DMT, STP, etc.); the so-called "witchcraft" drugs (Amanita muscaria, henbane, belladonna, etc.); absinthe; the newer entactogens (i.e., feeling-enhancers: MDA, MDMA aka "ecstasy" and 2CB); and certain anaesthetics that have been used experimentally or recreationally (e.g., nitrous oxide aka "laughing gas," ether, ketamine and PCP) as well as solvent inhalation.

It has only recently become known that there exist thousands of published works dealing in whole or in part with drug experience, and that hundreds of them were produced by some of the finest writers who ever lived. Moreover, a surprisingly large number of impressive and even classic accounts have emerged from the underground from the pens of pseudonymous or anonymous writers, some of whom had suffered greatly in a variety of ways because of their drug use.

Although primarily engaged in gathering literary and scientific works on the history of drugs that have been used (either sacramentally, experimentally or recreationally) outside the modern pharmacopeia, the Ludlow librarians also covered the anti-drug position strongly. Works by narcotics agents and other law enforcement and judicial officials and anti-drug groups were avidly collected. For example, the books of Harry Anslinger, America's foremost anti-drug crusader, were deemed as collectable as outlaw literary classics like Aleister Crowley’s Diary of a Drug Fiend or William S. Burroughs’ Naked Lunch. Books about drug smuggling and trafficking, as well as official reports from governmental committees, are well-represented.

 Of seminal works like DeQuincey’s Confessions of an English Opium-Eater, the library possesses some 65 different editions, indicating both the enduring importance of the work and the form in which it was presented to readers of different periods.

Although the concentration is on 19th and 20th century books, with particular emphasis on the postwar American culture and very strong focus on the '60s counterculture, especially in the San Francisco Bay Area where it flourished most noticeably, no period of history, no part of the world, and no psychoactive substance, no matter how obscure, has been neglected. Books in foreign languages, some of which have never been translated into English, are well represented in the collection.

When limited funds prevented the acquisitition of certain rare, early books from the 15th to 18th century, upwards of one thousand photocopies were obtained, some of entire books but most of the appropriate sections of texts that dealt with drugs e.g., the earliest accounts of those discovered in the New World by European explorers. Thus researchers would have easily available the information found in very rare and costly works.


In recent years the nature of consciousness, including chemically-altered states of consciousness, has been the focus of growing academic interest. Developments in the understanding of brain function and the discovery of drug receptor sites have provided impetus. But if the human brain is the final frontier, it is also the last taboo, and the suppression of valid scientific research into the effects of psychoactive and especially psychedelic drugs due in large part to official perceptions of widespread danger of abuse has been an impediment to progress.

More progressive attitudes are now emerging in the field of addiction research and toward the severe penal codes for drug offenses, as well as revisionist studies of the political nature of drug prohibition policies. The first experimental research studies on LSD since 1966 have recently been approved by the FDA, as well as the first studies on MDMA since the drug was outlawed in 1986. DMT research resumed in the early 1990s, and ibogaine is being tested for its value in reversing drug addiction.

With the U.S. appearing to be on the verge of a period of objective research and reappraisal of drug policy, the printed materials in the Ludlow Library will be of utmost importance for scholars and graduate students studying the complex phenomena of psychoactive drug use. Reports of drug-altered states of consciousness are for the Age of Information what the published accounts of 16th-century voyages to the New World were for the Renaissance and Age of Exploration.

As we approach the 21st century there is increasing evidence of renewed interest in the fields of consciousness and drug studies. In particular:

—research into the biochemistry of drug action and the nature of consciousness;

—re-appraisal and re-formulation of public policies concerning drug laws and proper means of control;

—the value of MDMA, LSD and ibogaine in treating drug addicts;

—psychotherapeutic interest in the value of psychedelic and entactogenic drugs in treating depression in terminally ill people, the long-term effects of trauma, & relationship therapy;

—graduate studies in psychoactive drug literature, art and music, and the effect of different drugs on creativity;

—sociological studies of the formation of drug-using sub-cultures; and behavior patterns of members;

—the impact of shamanistic ritual in connection with spiritual and healing states.



The Ludlow collection documents virtually every aspect of presently illegal drugs, and traces the largely secret history of their personal and social use in historical and contemporary societies. The ceremonial use of sacred plants in non-technological societies is also well documented. The Ludlow Library constitutes the most comprehensive collection of books and artifacts available anywhere pertaining to psychoactive drug use.

Checklist of Ludlow Library Editions:

History of Coca (Mortimer), 1974

Black Opium (Farrere), 1975

Cocaine (Pittigrilli), 1975

The Hasheesh Eater (Ludlow), 1976

Moksha (A. Huxley), 1977

Psychedelics Encyclopedia (Stafford), 1977; 1984; 1993

High Times Encyclopedia of Recreational Drugs, 1978

Shaman Woman, Mainline Lady (Palmer & Horowitz), 1982

An Annotated Bibliography of Timothy Leary, 1988




1. Psychoactive plants (peyote, mushrooms, ergot, ayahuasca, solanaceous plants, etc.)

2. Psychedelic drugs (LSD, mescaline, psilocybin, STP, MDA, MDMA, etc.)

3. Cannabis and hashish

4. Opium, morphine, heroin and other opiates

5. Coca, cocaine, amphetamine and other stimulants

6. Anaesthetics (ether, nitrous oxide, ketamine, PCP)

7. Miscellaneous (absinthe, hypnotics, barbituates, sedatives, tobacco and alcohol)

8. General works


1. Sociological studies (drug subcultures and lifestyles, including communes)

2. Art, music, films, fashion, sports

3. Cookbooks, cultivation and field guides, slang books, aphrodisiacs

4. Comic books (underground and approved)

5. Pop and pulp magazines and newspapers (especially the "underground press")



1. Government publications, congressional committees, official reports

2. Narcotics agents, smugglers, drug rings, trafficking

3. Drug abuse, addiction and rehabilitation


1. Beat and Counterculture (fiction, poetry, essays)

2. General fiction and memoirs (ca. 1800 to the present)

3. Mystery, science fiction, erotica

4. Women’s writings


1. Drug paraphernalia

2. Art works, posters, broadsides, engravings, and photographs

3. Phonograph records, audiotapes and videotapes





Earliest global studies by Bibra, Cooke, Johnson, Boismont, Hartwich and Lewin; early reports on peyote by Ellis, Mitchell, James, Mabel Dodge Luhan; later reports by Schultes, La Barre, McAllester, Aberle, Slotkin, Stewart; general works on ethnobotany and "sacred" plants by Blas Pablo and Viktor Reko, Safford, Dobkin de Rios, Myerhoff, Mead, Reichel-Dolmatoff, Fernandez, Flattery, Benitez, Furst, Harner, Schultes & Hofmann; works on Amanita muscaria and psilocybin mushrooms by Cooke, Whittier, Puharich, R. Gordon and Valentina Wasson, Graves, and Allegro; Harvard Botanical Museum leaflets on obscure hallucinogenic plants; Maria Sabina’s recorded mushroom ceremonies; report of Hofmann’s synthesis of psilocybin; history of ceremonial peyote use by Native and Meso-Americans (Huichols, Taramuhara; and other tribes); Congressional testimony on issue of religious use; writings by J. U. Lloyd, Artaud, McClure, Castenada; mushroom cultivation and field guides to hallucinogenic species. Peyote art including Huichol yarn painting. Reports of ayahuasca use from Richard Spruce to Burroughs & Ginsberg. Descriptive reports of ceremonial use in native societies and by Beats and Hippies; works pertaining to the recent shamanic revival spearheaded by McKenna and others. "Old World" drug plants of the solanaceous variety (belladonna, henbane, mandrake root along with datura, and A. muscaria), known to practicioners of witchcraft for the hallucinogenic states which they can induce and to poisoners as having toxic qualities. US Dept. of Agriculture publications on psychoactive plants. Books and articles on coffee, ginseng, yerba mate, Chinese herbs, etc.


Scientific reports of experimentation with mescaline and psilocybin — the active agents, respectively, of peyote and "magic" mushrooms — by scientists and writers (Kluver, Michaux, Sartre, Huxley, Wasson, Heim), and in particular the discovery and research into the properties of LSD are extremely well-documented. Discoverer Albert Hofmann’s original papers and the further reports by himself and others in Europe and the U.S. appear in offprints, journals, mimeographed reports and volumes of conference proceedings, symposia and numerous anthologies. Equally well-documented are the research projects in Saskatchewan in the early ‘50s (Hoffer, Osmond, Smythies, Blewett, and Hubbard); California in the middle 1950s (Aldous & Laura Huxley, Cary Grant, Anais Nin, Drs. Oscar Janiger and Sidney Cohen); Harvard University in the early ‘60s (Leary, Alpert, Metzner, Huxley, Watts, Ginsberg, Kerouac, Rhine, Koestler); and the Psychedelic Movement that emerged in the middle 1960s, lead by the Beatles and other rock groups, the Merry Pranksters (Kesey et al.), and the Hippies in San Francisco, LA, NY, Boston, Chicago and other urban centers. Every major work by every significant figure of the period including Leary, (Harvard Psychedelic Project and the Millbrook Commune), Lilly, Clark, Adelle Davis, Aldous & Laura Huxley, Masters & Houston, Kleps, Hofmann, Tom Wolfe, Shulgin, Grinspoon and Grof. Artifacts include numerous phonograph records, posters, broadside, buttons, and ephemeral street publications, as well as mainstream and exploitative magazines and paperbacks. The social movement and upheaval and the subsequent suppression of LSD, DMT, STP, mescaline and psilocybin is very well documented, as are the records of secret CIA drug-testing. Psychedelic art, fashion, music, and the religious aspects are strongly covered. The emergence of MDA in the 1970s and MDMA ("ecstasy") in the 1980s is documented in great detail through a variety of source materials.


Hemp cultivation books and manuals from the18th century to the explosion of publications since the late 1960s; history of the oldest cultivated plant in China, India, Siberia, Middle East (the cult of the Assassins); the Hashish Club of Paris (works by and about Baudelaire, Gautier, Moreau du Tours, Nerval, Verlaine); the earliest American works by Ludlow, Taylor, Aldrich, Alcott, O’Brien; 20th-century literary works by Crowley, Dowson, Symons, Yeats, Dunsany, Isabelle Eberhardt, Victor Robinson, Mezz Mezzrow, Kerouac, Ginsberg, and scores of other Beat Generation and Hippie writers; documentary accounts of early medical uses of cannabis preparations; anti-marijuana tracts, government and educational publications; pro-marijuana writings since the 1960s; hashish smuggling; underground publications about cooking and cultivation; physiological and psychological studies of marijuana users; marijuana as a social drug; marijuana and youth; marijuana in popular literature (mystery, erotica, comic books, magazines); photo-documentation of street use; cannabis and hashish illustration.


Early works (Jones, Young, Petit, De Bry; Paracelsus); approx. 200 late 18th & 19th cent. treatises and dissertations; approx. 65 different editions of DeQuincey’s Confessions, literary classics by Coleridge, E. B. Browning, Poe, Baudelaire, Dickens, Collins, Sand, C. Bronte, Thompson, Thomson, Kipling, Farrere, Dowson, Wilde, Blair, Ludlow, Symons, Symonds, Alcott; hundreds of works of addiction literature (first-hand accounts by Cocteau, Caressse Crosby, Box Car Bertha, Crowley, Burroughs, Emily Hahn, Kavan, Sagan, Billie Holiday, and others); histories of opium from laudanum to pills; from smoking to injection; discoveries of morphine, codeine, heroin, methadone; opium trade and wars during 19th century; smuggling, trafficking, international conferences, law enforcement; heroin and the Vietnam War; the influence of opium in art and heroin in jazz and rock; old pharmacy bottles with opium labels; old opium pipes; licences; popular literature of opium addicts; government publications; street literature.


Key works on history of coca in Peru, Columbia and Bolivia, and early works on discovery and use of cocaine in Europe and the U.S. (Mantegazza, Mariani, Mortimer, Koller, Freud, Martindale, Knapp, Hammond, Halsted, et al.); original Cheret poster and coca wine bottles with Mariani promotional albums; over 500 photocopies of books and articles on coca and cocaine, many from the 19th & early 20th century; the cocaine demi-mondes; cocaine mystique and addiction in the 20th century; literary treatment of cocaine by Doyle, Stevenson, Crowley, Meyer, Pitigrilli, Mina Loy, Burroughs, McClure; cocaine abuse since World War II, trafficking, law enforcement, political policies; cocaine in the entertainment world; crack cocaine; posters and paraphernalia. Works on the development of amphetamine-type drugs; literary and sociological works about the non-medical use of speed (uppers), natural stimulant drugs like kava, khat, betel, and downers (pharmaceutical, including quaaludes).


The fascinating history of the non-medical use of anaesthetic drugs, particularly nitrous oxide (laughing gas), as documented in the lives and writings of Sir Humphry Davy, Thomas Beddoes, Coleridge, Wordsworth, Southey, Crawford Long, Samuel Colt, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Margaret Fuller, Benjamin Blood, William James, Dreiser, Daumal; the influence of "laughing gas" on the Surrealist Movement. Additional works on the recreational use of ether and chloroform, and in contemporary times, the animal anaesthetic PCP, and the mystical states associated with ketamine as exemplified in the published works of John Lilly and Marcia Moore.


Drug-related art and book illustration by Alexander King, Mahlon Blaine, Sidney Sime, Jean Cocteau, Henri Michaux, Diego Rivera, Mati Klarwein, Richard Snyder, Ira Cohen and scores of lesser-known or anonymous artists and illustrators who designed book covers, dust jackets, and magazine illustrations for works of drug literature. There are 19th-century engravings and lithographs of opium dens and hashish smokers by Daumier, Homer, Dore, and N. C. Wyeth; a large number of engraved portraits or photographs (or both) of some of the famous names in drug history: Socrates, Paracelsus, Davy, Coleridge, Ludlow, William James, Sax Rohmer, Huxley, Hofmann, Wasson, Schultes, Gysin, Burroughs, Ginsberg, Leary, etc., and scores of women writers. Rare postcards of opium dens from the turn of the century. Original paintings done under the influence of LSD. Numerous posters displaying the psychedelic-inspired visions of the 1960s; photo-illustrated books of the 1960s drug culture; as well as other examples of psychedelic book art, and books and articles on the subject of drugs and creativity.


Pre-Columbian mortar and pestle for powdering coca; an old coca bag for carrying leaves. Turn-of-the-century Chinese opium pipes. Pipes, chillums, and other smoking devices from Mexico, India, Bulgaria, Turkey and other countries. Early 19th-century betel nut cutter from SE Asia. Turn-of-the-century pharamceutical kits containing original vials with printed labels for psychoactive drugs, old hypodermic syringes; druggists’ prescription record books from early 20th century with scripts written for morphine, heroin, cocaine, cannabis; late-19th century patent medicine bottles containing opium, morphine, cocaine, cannabis, etc. Opium and cocaine licences and other printed ephemera from the time of the Harrison Narcotics Act (1917).

A large number of ‘60s and ‘70s accessories such as pipes including waterpipes and bongs, brands of rolling papers and rolling machines, "roach clips," marijuana cleaning box, plastic replica marijuana plant sold commercially, psychedelic bubble gum, calendars, patches, slogan buttons, posters, handbills and flyers, psychedelic menus, "head toys," greeting cards, postcards, stationary, a variety of products using psychedelic motifs, bumper stickers, decals, slogan t-shirts, cocaine spoons and mirrors, decorated "Digger bags" for free food and passes for free public transportation, and decorated boxes for marijuana brownies, incense, licence plate holders, paperweights, postage stamps with drug themes from different nations. An elaborate, handmade cocaine user’s kit. A complete marijuana paraphernalia salesman’s product suitcase. Board games with drug themes. Government law enforcement drug education kits and drug testing kits. Mug shots of drug criminals. Hashish shop posters from Nepal.

Records and tapes of jazz, blues, and rock drug songs and psychedelic mood music; spoken word LPs by the Huxleys, Ginsberg, Burroughs, Leary, Alpert/ Ram Dass, Watts, etc.; documentary LPs on drug use and abuse; drug-related comedy on LP (Lenny Bruce, Congress of Wonders, Carlin, Firesign Theatre, Cheech and Chong, etc.); recordings of actual magic mushroom ceremonies and peyote meetings, soundtrack LP albums to drug movies (The Man With the Golden Arm, The Trip, I Love You, Alice B. Toklas, etc.). Movie posters, stills, tie-in editions, novelizations and press books for the aforementioned films and many others, including rare 1930s and ‘40s posters for such movies as Marijuana — Assassin of Youth and CocaineThe Thrill that Kills. An extensive record collection (LP and 45rpm) and songbooks for the seminal psychedelic rock groups. Videotapes of about 25 scarce drug films.


Complete runs of Psychedelic Review, Inner Space, Marijuana Review, High Times, Head, Stoned Age, Rush, Marijuana Monthly, and Kaliflower, Countdown, US, Defiance, long runs of Journal of Psychedelic Drugs, UN Bulletin on Narcotics, Evergreen Review, and Avant Garde. Many hundreds of individual issues with important drug themes or single features of Life, Look, Saturday Evening Post, Esquire, Police Gazette, Fate, Search, Beyond the Unknown, True Confessions, Inside Detective, Real Medic, Cavalier, Playboy, Penthouse, Oui, Time, Newsweek, Psychology Today, National Lampoon, Ramparts, and a variety of psychedelic/ hippie exploitation magazines.

Many single issues of medical/ scientific journals and reviews with important articles on drugs.

More than one thousand underground newspapers, including (usually in long runs) the San Francisco and Southern California Oracles and their sequels, The Realist, Berkeley Barb, Berkeley Tribe, East Village Other, LA Free Press, San Francisco Good Times and Express Times, Organ, Chicago Seed, Georgia Strait, Rolling Stone, Whole Earth Catalogs, Crawdaddy, Black Panther Party Newspaper, Avatar, Omen, Orpheus, Paperbag, Eye, Underground Press Digest, Ann Arbor Sun, Phoenix, Yipster Times, etc. A substantial number of British, Canadian, European and Japanese underground newspapers.

Press cuttings from the established press pertaining to drug discovery, research, use, abuse, scandal, etc. from the mid-60s to the present .

A very large collection of underground comic books in their first printings, some signed or inscribed to the Ludlow Library by their creators. Single issues of "approved" comics with important drug stories from the 1950s to the ‘70s.


Some of the major psychoactive drug researchers closely associated with the Ludlow Library have donated portions of their archives, particularly inscribed offprints. In addition there is a large correspondence between the Ludlow librarians and researchers. Among those eminent researchers who have made donations are Albert Hofmann, Bo Holmstedt Chauncey Leake, Alexander Shulgin, Ronald Siegel, Robert Mogar, Ralph Metzner, Paul Lee, Andrew Weil, R. G. Wasson, Richard Evans Schultes, Timothy Leary, AllenTimes, Organ, Chicago Seed, Georgia Strait, Rolling Stone, Whole Earth Catalogs, Crawdaddy, Black Panther Party Newspaper, Avatar, Omen, Orpheus, Paperbag, Eye, Underground Press Digest, Ann Arbor Sun, Phoenix, Yipster Times, etc. A substantial number of British, Canadian, European and Japanese underground newspapers.

Press cuttings from the established press pertaining to drug discovery, research, use, abuse, scandal, etc. from the mid-60s to the present .

A very large collection of underground comic books in their first printings, some signed or inscribed to the Ludlow Library by their creators. Single issues of "approved" comics with important drug stories from the 1950s to the ‘70s.


Some of the major psychoactive drug researchers closely associated with the Ludlow Library have donated portions of their archives, particularly inscribed offprints. In addition there is a large correspondence between the Ludlow librarians and researchers. Among those eminent researchers who have made donations are Albert Hofmann, Bo Holmstedt Chauncey Leake, Alexander Shulgin, Ronald Siegel, Robert Mogar, Ralph Metzner, Paul Lee, Andrew Weil, R. G. Wasson, Richard Evans Schultes, Timothy Leary, Allen Ginsberg, Peter Stafford, etc.